What is Terrorism?
Terrorism is the calculated, premeditated use of unlawful violence to cause panic or advance a political, religious, ideological cause.
Financing of Terrorism
Funding of terrorism involves providing funds from both legal (personal donations and profits from businesses and charitable organizations ) and or illegal sources (the drug trade, the smuggling of weapons and other goods, fraud, kidnapping and extortion), directly or indirectly or knowing that the monies are to be used to finance terrorism activity or organizations according to FINTRAC.
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Terrorism is financed in order to:
Promote militant ideology;
Purchase food for recruits;
Arrange for travel;
Train new recruits;
How to proceed when it is discovered that a potential or existing customer is a terrorist ?
As soon as a financial institution or listed business receives the list of designated entities or the consolidated list referred to in section 22AA(2)(c) or (e), the following procedures shall apply:
(a) the financial institution shall immediately inform the FIU on the prescribed form, if any person or entity named on either list has funds with the financial institution or listed business;
(b) if the financial institution or listed business has reasonable grounds to believe that a person or entity named on either list has funds in Trinidad and Tobago, it shall immediately inform the FIU on the prescribed form;
(c) (Deleted by Act No. 14 of 2012); and
(d) if a person or entity named on that list attempts to enter into a transaction or continue a business relationship, the financial institution or listed business shall submit a suspicious activity report to the FIU immediately and shall not enter into or continue a business transaction or business relationship with such person or entity.
The law requires that the transaction and by extension, the business relationship be brought to an end and a Suspicious Activity/Transaction Reported be submitted by the Compliance Officer to the FIU.
Anti Terrorism Act of Trinidad and Tobago,PART III FINANCING OF TERRORISM 22AB
The author is an attorney at law in Trinidad. She specialises in Anti Money Laundering and Financial Crimes. Website http://asydneygroup.com
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